Zoonosis is defined as “Any disease or infection that is naturally transmissible between vertebrate animals and humans and/or vice versa. In recent times one emerging disease occurs every eight months across the globe. The impact of zoonotic diseases on man starts over with morbidity leading to overall deterioration of heath, reduction of work ability and finally mortality. The impact on public health is gaining momentum through vaccination and effective therapies.
Some steps to help prevent Zoonotic diseases:
1. Schedule annual and biannual veterinary visits for your pet, which should include fecal examinations.
2. Keep pets free from parasitic infestation.
3. Keep pets indoors or supervised to discourage hunting, and do not feed pets raw or uncooked meats.
4. Wash your hands frequently, especially after handling animals and working outdoors.
5. Wash any wounds, even small nicks and cuts, promptly and thoroughly.
6. Clean cats litter boxes daily, wearing gloves and always wash your hands immediately.
7. Avoid approaching, touching or handling stray animals.
8. Protect yourself from ticks by covering your body with a long sleeved shirt, long pants and a hat.
9. Always wear gloves when gardening.
Veterinary Hospital Kohima