Views & Reviews – Eastern Mirror https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com The latest and breaking news from Nagaland, northeast India and India, current affairs and politics, latest updates on business news, sports and entertainment Thu, 20 Feb 2020 20:33:20 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/cropped-FavIcon-32x32.png Views & Reviews – Eastern Mirror https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com 32 32 When Did Time Begin? https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/when-did-time-begin/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/when-did-time-begin/#respond Thu, 20 Feb 2020 17:46:22 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=294198 All human beings are prisoners of time. From the moment we are born to the time of our deaths, all our human activities are dictated by time. All our lives follow a pattern of a time when we have to get up in the morning do our works, sow our seeds, reap our harvests go back to sleep- over and over again until we die. And the time spans of our own individual lives are just a speck in the larger framework of time where others too have lived long before us and still others will go on living after we are all gone. But taking all of human history into consideration, in what year-in terms of seconds, minutes and hours or day-did time as we know it, actually begin? Modern scientists like Einstein with his theory of “The Law of Relativity” and Stephen Hawkins with his theory of “Black Holes” have also grappled with this question and have died without giving us any concrete scientific conclusions. Then we also have the many other scientists who will date their data’s as going back into millions and billions of years in the past with no specific date or year as the...

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All human beings are prisoners of time. From the moment we are born to the time of our deaths, all our human activities are dictated by time. All our lives follow a pattern of a time when we have to get up in the morning do our works, sow our seeds, reap our harvests go back to sleep- over and over again until we die. And the time spans of our own individual lives are just a speck in the larger framework of time where others too have lived long before us and still others will go on living after we are all gone. But taking all of human history into consideration, in what year-in terms of seconds, minutes and hours or day-did time as we know it, actually begin? Modern scientists like Einstein with his theory of “The Law of Relativity” and Stephen Hawkins with his theory of “Black Holes” have also grappled with this question and have died without giving us any concrete scientific conclusions. Then we also have the many other scientists who will date their data’s as going back into millions and billions of years in the past with no specific date or year as the beginning of their dates. We also have the Gregorian calendar of dating history in terms of AD and BC. AD (anno domini) in Latin, means “In the year of our Lord.” This time frame is based on the date of the birth of Jesus Christ as A.D.1. From this A.D. 1, we go backwards to B.C.1 (Before Christ) and go on and on backward denoting years that had taken place before the birth of Jesus.  Modern scholars now have created another two terms called CE and BCE to denote “Current events CE” and “Before current events BCE. But in spite of this BC and AD and BCA and CE eras of time, we still do not know when time began. This is because neither the BC or BCE eras end in any specific time or year from which we can say “time” in terms of seconds, hours, weeks, months or years has  had its beginning from that particular date. Then there is also this fact of different nations having their own different calendars so that the Gregorian calendar (Roman Catholic calendar) is different from the Julian calendar (Julius Caesar’s Roman Empire calendar) or the Chinese calendar.

Coming back to the modern scientist who dates artefacts and evolutionary species as having evolved at such and such many million years ago, what precisely is their “time framework” based on? For example when scientists say that Dinosaurs had inhabited the planet earth for more than 280 million years and that 65 million years ago, they completely disappeared from the face of the earth due to a meteorite strikes or a volcanic eruptions; are we all supposed to accept these explanations as scientific facts?” Is their time framework of dating the periods of the Dinosaurs rule and extinction  based on the Gregorian calendar of taking AD 1 as the year of reference or are they taking some rock samples and dating their dates of millions or billions of years based on their own calculation of the age of the rock samples? Can modern educated man take this rock sample dating devices as absolute scientific facts?

As for me, I am not a scientist, but I definitely am not going to be taken for a ride by all these modern scientists who are presenting us with dates of so many millions and billions of years as scientific facts. In their view (not supported by scientific data, or some forms of data with many gaps), the universe was conceived 13.8 billion years ago and our planet earth was born 4.54 billion years ago! But the question is: “On what time frame is this age of the universe or the planet earth based on?” The simple answer to this question is: “Nobody in human history-whether Scientists or even Christians know when time actually began.”

But though the scientists can romp on with their speculations; Christians have an alternative answer which the scientists do not have. This alternative answer is through revelation as revealed in the Bible through the successive prophets of God and finally the physical incarnation of Jesus into human history. In this context, though I am not a scientist, I am neither a non-believer of scientific facts. In actual reality, these scientific facts confirm the veracity (truths) of what the Bible is stating in simple ordinary language. For a simple example, the Bible records that man (Adam), in his physical component, was made from the soil of the earth. On the other hand, science confirms that all the chemical components that are found in the human body like iodine, potassium, nitrogen etc. are also found in the soil. The Bible and Science therefore are not contradicting one another. The Bible further says that in the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth and the earth was separated from the seas. It then went on to state that the seas were next covered with algae and sea creatures. The Bible next records how the birds of the air and the animals of the earth were created until man was finally created from the soil in God’s own image to rule over God’s creation.  All these sequences of creation were done so that air breathing, water drinking and vegetable and meat eating man could finally inhabit planet earth. Science also shows that all these sequences happened in space and time. If the sequence of- first water and then algae and plants that produces oxygen- were to be in the reverse, then man would not have lasted even for five minutes after his creation without water, oxygen and food.

 Finally, the Bible begins with the words: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth…” That is all that the word of God says about how time began. As for the date of that beginning, there is no date with B.C. or A.D. attached to it. The eternal God who is not time bound like us, began the beginning of time there (Genesis 1:1). As for God, he was there before “the beginning” started. As for us-time bound-human beings, that is where we and time began. However, if we believe in the redemptive work of Jesus on the cross and accept him as our personal saviour, we shall again be merged into the eternal being of God (Jn. 3:16; Rev.3:20).

Kaka D Iralu

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Implications of SARFAESI Act 2002 in Context of Nagaland and Article 371A https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/implications-of-sarfaesi-act-2002-in-context-of-nagaland-and-article-371a/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/implications-of-sarfaesi-act-2002-in-context-of-nagaland-and-article-371a/#respond Tue, 18 Feb 2020 18:16:19 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=293762 The Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assests and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, 2002 was an Act of the Indian Parliament whereby banks and other financial institutions in India are allowed to auction residential or commercial properties of defaulters to recover loans. This act is an effective instrument for banks to recover defaulting loans and is definitely required in a growing economy like ours to create ample credit opportunities for upcoming entrepreneurs and young businessmen or industrialists of Nagaland. This act also ensures that the state develops in due earnestness with the growth of infrastructure including industries through financial institutions like banks. It is needless to say that without sound capital investments and loans through banks and financial institutions, no country or state can ever develop. Though banks in Nagaland have been implementing the SARFAESI Act since 2002, due to a letter from the Law & Justice Department to the Finance Department caused the banks and other financial institutions to cease all kinds of financial operations whereby the public was given loan in lieu of land mortgages. The main reason behind this was the argument of the Law & Justice Department that the SARFAESI Act was in contravention of...

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The Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assests and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, 2002 was an Act of the Indian Parliament whereby banks and other financial institutions in India are allowed to auction residential or commercial properties of defaulters to recover loans. This act is an effective instrument for banks to recover defaulting loans and is definitely required in a growing economy like ours to create ample credit opportunities for upcoming entrepreneurs and young businessmen or industrialists of Nagaland. This act also ensures that the state develops in due earnestness with the growth of infrastructure including industries through financial institutions like banks. It is needless to say that without sound capital investments and loans through banks and financial institutions, no country or state can ever develop.

Though banks in Nagaland have been implementing the SARFAESI Act since 2002, due to a letter from the Law & Justice Department to the Finance Department caused the banks and other financial institutions to cease all kinds of financial operations whereby the public was given loan in lieu of land mortgages. The main reason behind this was the argument of the Law & Justice Department that the SARFAESI Act was in contravention of the Article 371A of the Indian Constitution which gives special privileges to the Nagas and also the Nagaland Land and Revenue Regulations (Amendment) Act 2002 which restricts transfer of land to a person other than the indigenous inhabitant of Nagaland.

The above turn of events has put the local inhabitants of Nagaland to a disadvantageous position whereby they are not able to take loans from the banks by mortgaging their land. This has also led to many individuals in Nagaland taking huge sums of money from unauthorized money-lenders who charge exorbitant rates of interests and when they are not able to repay on time they confiscate their property. This has left many families ruined and financially overburdened in the past few decades. Now, in the wake of such social dilemma in Nagaland, the government needs to rise to the call of the hour and think about the benefit of the general public especially the upcoming generation of young entrepreneurs and industrialists who have no options left but to depend on the financial facilities provided by the banks. Presently, the hands of the banks are literally tied and they are not able to sanction any loans by mortgaging lands belonging to indigenous inhabitants of Nagaland. However, the fact remains that the banks have nothing to lose even if they do not invest or give out loans to people of a particular state as they can utilise the accrued capital in other branches out of Nagaland. In this way, we are not only increasing the wealth accumulation of the banks but also promoting their business in Nagaland through our deposits without acquiring any major bank benefits from them. Even though the Banks in Nagaland prefer to give easier loans like car loans, loans against Fixed Deposits and to government employees alone where recovery is guaranteed through salaried accounts, what is the benefit of the common people in Nagaland if they are unable to mortgage even their own landed properties for taking loans from the banks? The ultimate benefit of all financial institutions like banks should go to the common people in general instead of some few individuals.

In light of the above, it becomes a prerogative of the Nagaland State Government to urgently discuss in the floor of the Assembly the implications of not continuing with the SARFAESI Act in Nagaland and to deliberate upon additional options so that the disadvantaged sections of the people are benefitted while at the same time not infringing upon the already existing Article 371A and the Nagaland Land Revenue Regulations (Amendment) Act 2002. One alternative which the government can mull upon is a request to the Central Government for amendments in the SARFAESI Act in context to the special provisions given to the people of Nagaland through Article 371A. The amendments can be made in such a way that in case an inhabitant of Nagaland is unable to repay his/her loan due to one or the other reasons, his/her land property kept as mortgage with the banking institution concerned may put up the same land in auction but such auction should be limited to only local indigenous inhabitants of Nagaland and not to any outsider so that the provisions of transfer of landed property as enshrined in the NLRRA 2002 remains unaffected. This will ensure that not only the banks are able to mortgage the land in lieu of loans but in the wake of default they can also liquidate the same by auctioning off the land to local inhabitants only, thereby following both the SARFAESI Act and the Article 371A in letter and spirit.

But ultimately all these can happen only when there is a strong and unbiased political will on the part of the State Government to bring about a much-needed reformation for the benefit of the people. The State Government should be ready at all times to table such important discussions on the floor of the house. Recently, there was a news item published in Nagaland Page about the unilateral decision taken by the Speaker of NLA to withdraw the SARFAESI Act from the lists of business in the State Assembly. Whereas, the issue should have been taken in a matured manner and decision related to the same should also have been taken up after consultations with experts and discussions with the stakeholders including all the parties and financial institutions, as the matter in question cannot be undermined for the development of the State and its people. Does this obstinacy on the part of some individuals mean that they are utilizing the loopholes in the SARFAESI Act for their own personal gains? Are they trying to discourage the people of Nagaland not to avail loans by mortgaging lands and thereby indirectly encouraging the illegal and unauthorized money lenders to thrive and monopolise?

There are numerous educated unemployed youths in Nagaland who are trying to venture into self-employment opportunities by taking loans from the banks. The government should encourage the youths especially the upcoming entrepreneurs, business start-ups, industrialists, etc. by bringing in better financial opportunities through banks whereby the banks also can gain in return. We, as laymen may not be able to bring about legislation and major changes in state policies but those who are at the helm of affairs have both the power and the position to do so. Since we are a democracy, it is legitimate that the government should use its power and position only for the general welfare of its citizens. It should shed all personal vendettas and afflictions when it comes to the development of the state as a whole. If the SARFAESI Act does not hinder the growth and development of the inhabitants of Nagaland, the government and the intellectuals of the state should not shy away from the issue but they should be matured enough to discuss the same at all levels.

While it remains for the general public to judge who has gone wrong and where it is my humble suggestion that all the stakeholders including the financial institutions like banks should ponder on this issue and take a concrete step which will benefit the entire state and its population in the long run. At the same time, the general public must also come up and voice their opinions and suggestions on any important issues instead of blindly accepting policies and later on making a hue and cry out of them.

Dr. Andrew Ahoto Sema

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Upholding Justice in the NPF Party https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/upholding-justice-in-the-npf-party/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/upholding-justice-in-the-npf-party/#respond Mon, 17 Feb 2020 18:05:28 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=293707 To  The President,NPF Central HQsKohima; Nagaland Sir, We the undersigned have been closely observing the dispensation of justice within the NPF Party ever since the CAB/CAA and the severing of ties with BJP in line with the CEC Resolutions that have been taken up by the NPF party. After in-depth analysis and study, we have noticed serious discrepancies and injustice meted out to the former Secretary-General and sitting M.P Rajya Sabha Mr. KG Kenye which led to his suspension from the Party. As discipline party men in the grassroots level, we have silently endured and chosen not to drag this internal party matter to the public domain since it is an internal party affair. But unfortunately, the Central NPF Party has repeatedly dragged this issue to the street and time and again accused him as if on a witch-hunt and levelled several accusations, which according to us are baseless and unfounded. On the contrary, we have identified that this entire drama has been staged for vested and vindictive personal motives and the Party is completely confused in this matter. Therefore we bring to your notice the following facts. 1. After the dismissal of NPF led  Dr. Shürhozelie Lliezietsu’s  Government, an...

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To 
The President,
NPF Central HQs
Kohima; Nagaland

Sir,

We the undersigned have been closely observing the dispensation of justice within the NPF Party ever since the CAB/CAA and the severing of ties with BJP in line with the CEC Resolutions that have been taken up by the NPF party. After in-depth analysis and study, we have noticed serious discrepancies and injustice meted out to the former Secretary-General and sitting M.P Rajya Sabha Mr. KG Kenye which led to his suspension from the Party.

As discipline party men in the grassroots level, we have silently endured and chosen not to drag this internal party matter to the public domain since it is an internal party affair. But unfortunately, the Central NPF Party has repeatedly dragged this issue to the street and time and again accused him as if on a witch-hunt and levelled several accusations, which according to us are baseless and unfounded.

On the contrary, we have identified that this entire drama has been staged for vested and vindictive personal motives and the Party is completely confused in this matter. Therefore we bring to your notice the following facts.

1. After the dismissal of NPF led  Dr. Shürhozelie Lliezietsu’s  Government, an emergency meeting comprised of CEC COB, Frontals, Divisional Presidents was convened on 18th July 2017 at 7.30 pm whereby a historic decision to sever ties with BJP after 40 years (since 1977) was resolved which was welcomed with a thunderous applause from all the members present in the meeting Hall. Following this historic resolution, the NPF Party undertook a “Beef Festival” at State Academy Hall, Dharna outside Raj Bhavan which was followed by sit-in protest outside New Secretariat for about 2(two) weeks against the installation of the unconstitutional government headed by Mr.TR Zeliang.

Whereas, after the above CEC resolution, no decision or resolution was adopted at any level i.e. CEC or COB or Core Committee to support BJP led NDA Government at the Centre so, how has the NPF President Dr. Shürhozelie Liezietsu secretly extended Letter of Support to the BJP Government in Manipur State and the BJP Government at the National level Central Government which has been proved through his letter dated 20th of June 2019 (Annexure –I)

Therefore, by supporting the BJP again through his letter, the NPF Party is a part and responsible for all the policies of the BJP Government both in Manipur and at the Centre. Hence, this Letter of Support addressed to Mr. Om Birla, Hon’ble Speaker LokSabha is a clear violation of the CEC Resolution of 18th July 2017.

2.  Whereas, in the reply of the Hon’ble MP Lok Sabha Dr. Lorho S Pfoze to the Disciplinary Action Committee (DAC) for his show Cause Notice at Serial No.4 has clearly stated that “I may also mention here that on the 8th of October 2019, I along with 3(three) NPF MLAs called on Dr. Shürhozelie Liezietsu President Naga People’s Front at his residence to elicit his view on the CAB matter in the event of CAB being introduced in the forthcoming Winter Session. He advised that if the bill was introduced without a change in the likes of CAB 2016 the MPs should oppose such a bill vehemently. However, if the Bill should present exemption clause during the introduction in the House, and as NPF in Manipur is a coalition partner in the government and has a different situation, we may work out decision accordingly. And so the decision to vote” (Annexure-II)

In addition to the above, if violation to the CEC Resolution of 31-01-2019 is to be the basis for suspension of NPF Members then, the NPF Legislature Party Leader Mr. TR Zeliang has also violated the stand of the Party which is clearly mentioned in Sl.No.5 of the same reply to the DAC from the Lok Sabha MP which also mentioned “ Meanwhile, I am also aware of my party leader Shri.TR Zeliang having at some point given an interview with regards to the contentious Bill and has also given an opinion that if there are constitutional provisions for exemption of our areas of operation, then the NPF would support”

Such being the stand, the NPF Party through its Press Bureau on 9th October 2019 in all local papers had heartily welcomed even the verbal declaration of Union Home Minister Amit Shah on 5th October 2019 at Aizawl “that a special clause would be incorporated into the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) in order to protect the interest of the North East States particularly Nagaland, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh”.

In line with these NPF Party stand, the two NPF MPs voted in favour of the new rectified CAB introduced in the Parliament on the 9th and 11th of December 2019 respectively as the new Bill exempted Nagaland and also incorporated the ILP into Citizenship Act of 1955 in the Constitution of India after 64 years.

Now, therefore the question is if (i) misguidance and (ii) violation of CEC Resolutions are the basis of suspending Hon’ble MP Rajya Sabha Mr. KG Kenye, then it is not him but President Dr. Shürhozelie Liezietsu and Leader of Opposition Mr.TR Zeliang who are found to have first out rightly misguided and violated the Party’s Resolutions.

Hence, the Injustice remains as to why the two NPF Members should not be applied the same yardstick and suspended from their Memberships also. But for reasons best known to the DAC and the President of NPF no action has been taken against them till today.

Therefore, the NPF 17th Chizami Area Unit strongly demanded that this being a fit case, the two NPF Members should also be suspended immediately to uphold justice within the NPF Party since no member is above the Party’s Constitution.

Yours sincerely,
Povehu Chuzho,
Vice President, NPF 17th Chizami A/C;
Hürüda Rahuyi,
President, NPF 17th Chizami A/C;
Sapunyi Zholia,
General Secretary, NPF 17th Chizami A/C;
Welhipe Chiero,
Vice President, NPF 17th Chizami A/C

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Are Nagas Ceasing to Be Nagas? https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/are-nagas-ceasing-to-be-nagas/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/are-nagas-ceasing-to-be-nagas/#respond Mon, 17 Feb 2020 18:02:06 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=293705 It has been said of the Jews that when times were difficult over many centuries, Jews remained Jews, but when times became easy in the modern world, Jews stopped being Jews and defected or were assimilated in record numbers. Words are indeed too cheap to even try to describe the amount of persecution Jews suffered in the course of history. The phrase “if there is a God, he will have to beg my forgiveness” (allegedly) carved on the wall of a concentration camp during the WWII by an unknown Jewish prisoner, the hopelessness depicted as painfully as it can be in the poem “where was God during the holocaust” and many others, hold a testament to their sufferings. Yet in the midst of all those horrors, they remained as Jews. It is an injustice to compare Nagas adversity to that of the Jews. However, we find a certain similarity in the circumstances; each has gone through in history. We as Nagas have had our own share of struggle. It gives immeasurable pain to even think of what we have been subjected to in the past and now. Grouping, hiding in the thick and inhabitable forests, burning down of entire villages,...

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It has been said of the Jews that when times were difficult over many centuries, Jews remained Jews, but when times became easy in the modern world, Jews stopped being Jews and defected or were assimilated in record numbers. Words are indeed too cheap to even try to describe the amount of persecution Jews suffered in the course of history. The phrase “if there is a God, he will have to beg my forgiveness” (allegedly) carved on the wall of a concentration camp during the WWII by an unknown Jewish prisoner, the hopelessness depicted as painfully as it can be in the poem “where was God during the holocaust” and many others, hold a testament to their sufferings. Yet in the midst of all those horrors, they remained as Jews.

It is an injustice to compare Nagas adversity to that of the Jews. However, we find a certain similarity in the circumstances; each has gone through in history. We as Nagas have had our own share of struggle. It gives immeasurable pain to even think of what we have been subjected to in the past and now. Grouping, hiding in the thick and inhabitable forests, burning down of entire villages, granaries and forests, rape, killing and unthinkable violence of all forms being committed against, yet throughout these trials, we triumphed and remained as proud Nagas. The barrel of the gun, the draconian laws, demonic atrocities and the intellect voices of the oppressor were all too weak to put us down, it didn’t scare us neither did it stop us from being Nagas. Many lives were cut short yet like the Jews Nagas remained as Nagas. Honourable Indian Prime ministers Lt. Pt. Jawarhalla Nehru and Lt. Morarji Desai were both wrong; were too naïve and inhuman, when they commented, “..Will wipe out the Nagas within one week” and the later, “I will exterminate all the Nagas without any compunction”.

In the midst of such threat and adversity, Nagas sang their songs, danced on their music, and passed down their rich cultural knowledge and practices, struggles, victories and failures in the direst of circumstances. During the most dangerous time of Naga history, Nagas have remained as Nagas, but as good times set in, Nagas have begun to compromise and have assimilated in large numbers with the outside world. We’ve compromised to such extent where we have let our adversaries who tried to wipe us out become heroes, martyrs and patriots not anywhere but in our land itself and yet we have chosen to remain as silent spectators.

Surviving in nature as indigenous people, thriving in jungle hideouts because of forceful occupation of their homes by alien forces, Nagas were once known to be diligent in work, honest, brave, and trustworthy. Nagas valiant display of courage, empathy and life of integrity is amply found in their history and culture. “They guided our columns,” wrote Field Marshall Sir William Slims, “collected information, ambushed enemy patrols, carried our supplies, and brought in our wounded soldiers under heaviest gunfire and then being gentlemen they refused payment”. Perhaps it may be surreal for the modern Nagas to learn that our ancestors didn’t ask for anything even after putting their life in the war front. Such was the ideals and principles upon which Nagas stood once upon a time. But today, the essence of Naga is evaporating fast from the Nagas.

The 22 years of Indo-Naga ceasefire has allowed Naga parents to bring up, educate and mould their children in the so-called peaceful atmosphere (i.e. if peace is just the absence of war/killings). Thus, for the first time since Indian independence, a Naga generation has grown up without witnessing much violence, though the amount of fear psychosis and warlike environment created in their minds due to the presence of a large number of armed forces (both underground and overground) and their activities cannot be ignored. Children were/are sent to the best colleges and universities in India and abroad, most of them came back with their honourable degrees but in the process, many lost the Naga essence. Sometime somewhere parents were too scared to tell their children about the Naga struggle, history and culture or perhaps were too naïve to the threat of the modern force. Somewhere down the lane, we have traded our Naga virtue and values with monetary ones.

The period from ceasefire coupled with various factors such as the growth of academic book knowledge (not education), the onset of modernisation/globalisation, the outburst of technology era etc. has brought about a great paradigm shift amongst the Nagas (considered good times by many). This shift is clearly visible and felt in every aspect (from political, social, economic, cultural to religious belief) of our society today. Some may call this shift, “transition” and others may call it “evolving” but the shift is too destructive to call it just a transition or evolving process, for in this shift we are losing everything, be it cultural, physical or spiritual.

Society is torn apart, the chasm between the have and the have not’s ever-increasing, families are breaking away, relationships (political or social) too cheap to last for life, Culture a festival, Religion a Sunday affair, Law a mere piece of paper in black and white, Politics is all about money power and Individuals becoming panderers. Even so, we have developed a tendency to think that everything that is foreign is great. As a result, we have embraced the modern system of democracy and left behind arguably one of the oldest indigenous system of democratic governance (like the Putu Menden), have traded our sustainable and self-sustaining economic activities into unsustainable and totally dependent on others, have burrowed the lotus, palm, elephant, bicycle etc. and let it rule over us when we could have denied them.

In a world as dynamic, flexible and individualistic like never before, where our entire culture and life so relies on the gifts of the modern world that we feel less need to hold on to the history, culture, values, and ideals of the Indigenous Nagas (let alone trusting in God); if we continue to act deaf and dumb then the tomorrow will call this period as the declining period or the ceasing period of Nagas. Perhaps it is an opportune time for the Nagas to retract, reflect, retrospect, unite and once again be that Nagas which our foe was not able to suppress. 

Mar Jamir

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A Conceptual Guide to “Envisioning a New Nagaland” https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/a-conceptual-guide-to-envisioning-a-new-nagaland/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/a-conceptual-guide-to-envisioning-a-new-nagaland/#respond Sun, 16 Feb 2020 17:27:29 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=293526 The statement, “Progress is within the beholder”, in a question form is, ‘Do we have a progressive mind or the idea of progress? All of us talk about development. We expect speedy development but developments are not happening as we wish it to be. Opinions are divided on this issue. Some blame it to the changed pattern of state funding or lack of resources, others say peace is the prerequisite, while others opine that we are still at a transitional period and yet still others, especially those who are well-to-do think, that we have developed enough. These opinions are all superficial. The first group goes by the saying ‘a bad workman blames his tools for his inefficiency’, while the rest of the others are suffering from a mental disease called complacency, self-centeredness and lack of initiative because they are contended with what they have.  What is progress then? I shall not go into the elaborate definition of progress but the understanding of how progress takes place and what are the conditions required for it to happen? Most of us today believe that money is everything. Let us find out the validity of the contention. Rev. Nicholas Maestrini in his forward...

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The statement, “Progress is within the beholder”, in a question form is, ‘Do we have a progressive mind or the idea of progress? All of us talk about development. We expect speedy development but developments are not happening as we wish it to be. Opinions are divided on this issue. Some blame it to the changed pattern of state funding or lack of resources, others say peace is the prerequisite, while others opine that we are still at a transitional period and yet still others, especially those who are well-to-do think, that we have developed enough. These opinions are all superficial. The first group goes by the saying ‘a bad workman blames his tools for his inefficiency’, while the rest of the others are suffering from a mental disease called complacency, self-centeredness and lack of initiative because they are contended with what they have.

 What is progress then? I shall not go into the elaborate definition of progress but the understanding of how progress takes place and what are the conditions required for it to happen? Most of us today believe that money is everything. Let us find out the validity of the contention.

Rev. Nicholas Maestrini in his forward to Piero Gheddo’s book, ‘Why is the third world poor?’ says, “Even if all the rich countries of the world were to exercise perfect justice towards the poor- even if they contributed not only one percent but ten percent of their riches- this would not mean that the underdeveloped nations would automatically set out on the road towards development. The reason is that development is not something that can be imported from abroad; it is a process which must be undertaken by means of internal force through education, the changing of mentality and pre-technical social structures, the learning of modern techniques and above all the acquisition of the concept of the dignity of man.”

We see in this exposition three main issues. They are: – 1. Change of mentality 2. Pre-technical social structures 3. Concept on the dignity of man.

1. Change of mentality:

Saint Simon, a French Philosopher said in his writings, ‘To change society means to change attitudes, mentality.’ To illustrate what this means, let us look into the issue from a broad perspective, through a comparative study of thought process between the West and the East from three conceptual realms: Life, History and Work.

(a) In the west, man is the centre of the universe. They give importance to life values like goodness, generosity, bravery and skill. In Gracio-Roman culture, “Man is the master piece of God.” Their understanding of God is transcendence- which means that God is beyond human description, reason, knowledge and experience, in other words, God is absolute and man is the king of creations while nature is a gift from God to be enjoyed, explored and controlled, and thus it should serve to elevate man.

What we see in the East, which includes us, is that man is understood as insignificant, corrupt and meanest of all creatures. The concept of God is immanent or present in every created thing in the natural world and hence all reality is either mythological or divinized. For the eastern man, nature, therefore, is to be contemplated, feared, submitted to and respected. Man, at the lowest step of the supernatural world, is the prisoner of matter. His destiny is to free himself and become spirit to lose himself in God. 

(b) The west has a concept of history that moves forward towards a future which is conceived as always better than the past. While for the east, the ideal is preservation of the status quo, sticking to traditions. Change, if at all, is only a renovation. Though the urge in us is to go forward yet when our ideal is the past, how can we go forward? Infatuation with the past is a disease because any society that lives the past glory cannot forge ahead and unfortunately, many of us, especially the elders, are victims of this disease. This is what makes us visionless people and ‘visionless people perish’.

(c)  The west has an anxiety to progress, which enables the individuals and the group to accept novelty, whether technical, social or culture and for them any kind of job is a job. For the east, majority of who live in a purely subsistence economy have no aspirations beyond day-to-day living. Innovative ideas come to be termed as disobedience or singled out as against the norm.

So, what we notice here is that when an entire people or social group (tribes, clan, bureaucrats or village) is imprisoned in a traditional mentality, it is difficult even for the single individual to escape. Ultimately, we find complete lack of initiative and the courage to take risk. Fear to take risks spring from lack of vision and in turn lead to social failure, individual stupefaction and also institutional impotency and in effect, members of such a society become cowards and the law that governs is injustices where individualism and tribalism thrive at the cost of the common good that can be achieved only through sacrificing individual interests.

The most serious by-product of such a situation is disrespect for law and eruption of all forms of anti-socials leading society to chaos. Fraud come to rule the day while the bottom line of all these is despise for manual labour, the primary factor to development, as debasing and considering it as servile and below ones dignity. This is so because people see no more pride in hard work, truth or justice and ultimately come to regard corruption as a necessary evil.

We know that the most essential condition for development is hard work, it being it’s pre-requisite. Everyone wants progress but no one tries to understand or accept the foundation that development requires. Even physiologically speaking, by the fact that we have sweat glands, we must sweat; by the fact that we have joints, we must move them or they get paralyzed.

 What is work then? Karl Marx gives us a holistic understanding of work. He says that work is the only means for man to manifest his perfection. It is through work that we transform our environment. Man is because he can work. The west understands this so well that they progress by leaps and bounds. Failure to recognize this ability turns the populace of this region into a mere parasite. Are we not?

2. Pre-technical social structures:

Saint Simon vividly affirms, ‘If you want to change society, you must necessarily change the philosophical beliefs of the people.’ The following case study has the clue to our confusion.

a)            In Philippines, Dr. Haisin was commissioned to improve the hygienic condition of the Philippines. The technology, he came up with was to save rain water but he was confronted all along. The hurdle was that the people believed that rain is to flow over the surface of the earth and so we should not go against its natural process. For their use, they should find it in water holes. Gauging rain water was believed by his people as an insult to nature in the form of distortion.

 b)           Baiga tribe in Madhya Pradesh, like most other Indians, has the concept of the earth as Mother. The difference in approach to it was they refused to cultivate land with iron (tractors) because they believed that to open the earth’s bosom is to fail to recognize its generosity. The use of wooden tools seemed less brutal. For many Asian people, who mean us included, agriculture, unlike technology, is a religious act. We had a lot of spiritual rites performed (and we still are influenced by that understanding) from the day of marking the area of cultivation till the end of carrying the paddy into the barns for a rich harvest. No wonder, all our festivals are centered on agriculture. What we fail to understand is that an infertile soil does not need prayer but manure. The issue is not because people are against technology but the problem lies in their belief system that needs to be tackled first.

Random implementation of technology cannot bring development but wastages. Classical example of such is the Dimapur traffic light system, which was inaugurated jubilantly as the first of its kind in the region, but presently lies in utter waste. Peiro Gheddo aptly describes “development does not mean change but growth. Change, in its turn, means social, cultural, economic both qualitative and quantitative modifications.” In other words, substituting an ordinary type writer with computer or from ordinary office filing system to computer system is no progress because these are mere change of modes only. Progress implies creating conditions and avenues to attain the desired goal of better life environment.

The immediate and primary need for us to progress today is also not e-governance but urgent construction of good roads and other infrastructures in all the villages. Before connecting the villages with satellite, telephones, more airports or railways the primary need is good roads. It appears that we are more concern about roofing than foundation. Former Andhra Pradesh CM, Chandrababu, also nicknamed the ‘high-tech chief minister’, failed to retain power, not because he was inefficient in implementing the IT technology but because what the common majority needed was not an IT revolution but revolution in food production and from destitution to a better standard of life of the general populace through investment in good roads and agriculture and its allied. 

3. Concept of the dignity of man:

One of the vital factors of progress is the correct understanding of what man is in relation to nature. Genesis tells us, symbolically, that God, after creating man in his own image and likeness, commanded him to have dominance over all creatures and subdue it but, of course not to destroy it or to subdue over other men. God made man master and ruler of nature, which invariably means that man, is also the determiner of his own destiny.

In the west, man at the center of creation, thinking and acting, became the essential nucleus around which everything else revolves. On the contrary, in our case, as Etzioni Amitai, in his book, ‘The active society’ says, ‘the central concept of man is still that of a passive observer in a world not of his making and not under his control.’ Coupled with this passive mentality baptized by our wrong understanding of religion have made us slaves of nature. Man, not at the helm of creation, but at its bottom cannot be better than slaves and a slave has no dignity of life. A society at the mercy of nature will remain poor because his destiny is allowed to be governed by the caprice of natural phenomenon and not by his intellect.

Another important factor is that man is a social being. To be is to be social. Man is not unless he is social. This is the reason why no one can set himself free without extending the same liberty to ones fellow men because the transformation of self is deeply rooted in the joint act of a society transforming itself through the process of individual education for collective responsibilities. In other words, individualism has no place so also selfishness or greed that people tend to breed. These are nothing but diseases. A Greek motto describes it as, “An idiot is a man who is completely private.”

At this point, we may ask, ‘How other countries are progressing and why are we still impoverished in a land of plenty? Sauvy points out, “After many trials and errors, economists of every land, even of America, have come to the conclusion that the origin of development is not money, as was so long believed, not capital, but culture-men’s ability to know how to enjoy their natural riches.” How true this is! This means to say that the immediate need, for us, is education to have healthy mentality and right attitude to recognize our abilities to harness the resources we are blessed with to enjoy a fuller life.

The fact about progress is that ‘Rome was not built in a day’ or for that matter, America did not become wealthy and powerful overnight or simply by the grace of God or through mere prayer and fasting but by declaring war on poverty and destitution of its citizens prayerfully. Studies tell us that the Americans organized countless programs in their struggle against poverty, illiteracy and famines to be what they are today.

In conclusion, we have discovered that belief plays a very powerful role in, both individual and societal level; therefore, one extremely important area that needs our urgent attention today is to rectify our understanding of Christianity itself. We find others drawing their strength from Christianity itself but for us it is a stumbling block both for individual and social growth, which means to suggest that we have a very wrong concept and understanding of this religion itself.

Christianity today has been reduced to mere personal and private property rendering it toothless for any social reformation and the worst is reducing it to some kind of cult system and soothsaying in the name of prophecies and the funniest and most unrealistic of all is whenever we are faced by social problems a prayer week or fasting month is announced instead of uniting our hearts and minds to solve the issues.

In our understanding of religion, we have also an unfounded conclusion that religion and politics are separate but at the same time are perplexed that these are not totally independent to each other. This is nothing but reduction of personality to schizophrenia. This means mental illness that causes the sufferer to act irrationally- a withdrawal from social relationships etc. In reality, as true human beings, we are duty bound to bring abundance of life by harmonizing moral and religious life to subsist as integral aspects and not as two opposites.

The need today “is not love, sweet love but a stern and uncompromising change of heart-a metanaeio, a basic reordering of our values which would put people a head of personal, selfish possessions to the patriotism required to change our society” for a fuller life as Amitai rightly says. Development cannot be limited to few individuals, as it is happening today, but it has to promote the good of everyman. As long as majority of the society is poor no rich person in that society can say that one is rich because the majority poor will sooner or later find that they had been abused and misused. Development besides having more, in its truest sense, means to be more human because man is more precious for what he is and not for what he has.

Jonas Yanthan

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Kudos to NTUCT https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/kudos-to-ntuct/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/kudos-to-ntuct/#respond Fri, 14 Feb 2020 17:30:23 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=293228 Of late, many NGOs and civil societies have failed to live up to the expectations of the people to act as “pressure groups “to thwart the ills and corruptions perpetrated by our elected leaders and high ranking officials in the state machinery. It is disheartening to note that even the student bodies have ventured into other domain and have failed on many occasions to protect the interest of the student community. But the bold and courageous move of the NTUCT in not allowing the Police department to resume police training appointed through the backdoor is a step in the right direction and should be encouraged by all right-thinking citizens. In the midst of corruption in all spheres, the NTUCT have shown the Nagas that “all is not lost” if we still stand up together for what is right however mighty the perpetrators of corruption might be. Wish all the state NGOs emulate NTUCT Kudos to NTUCT. Keep up the good job. Kahoto Zhimo, Dimapur.

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Of late, many NGOs and civil societies have failed to live up to the expectations of the people to act as “pressure groups “to thwart the ills and corruptions perpetrated by our elected leaders and high ranking officials in the state machinery. It is disheartening to note that even the student bodies have ventured into other domain and have failed on many occasions to protect the interest of the student community. But the bold and courageous move of the NTUCT in not allowing the Police department to resume police training appointed through the backdoor is a step in the right direction and should be encouraged by all right-thinking citizens.

In the midst of corruption in all spheres, the NTUCT have shown the Nagas that “all is not lost” if we still stand up together for what is right however mighty the perpetrators of corruption might be. Wish all the state NGOs emulate NTUCT

Kudos to NTUCT. Keep up the good job.

Kahoto Zhimo,
Dimapur.

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When Vigilantism is Justified https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/when-vigilantism-is-justified/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/when-vigilantism-is-justified/#respond Wed, 12 Feb 2020 17:48:01 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=292865 Vigilantism is when ordinary citizens start taking the law into their own hands. It arises when people are oppressed by criminals; and the law is weak, ineffective or indifferent to the sufferings of the people. The danger with vigilantism is that vigilantes can be directed but never controlled and they become judge, jury and executioner, all rolled into one. Once triggered, vigilantes, with rare exceptions, can only be stopped with deadly force. Every society frowns upon vigilantism because it grants the right to every individual to define the crime and award whatever penalty, which is usually lynching or arson. he sees fit. Vigilantism starts with legitimate grievances but ends up as instruments for “leaders” to settle private scores. Nagaland is fertile ground for vigilantism to flourish, for, apart from the minuscule few, who enjoy the benefits of wholesale corruption; every ordinary citizen feels the exploitation and oppression of corruption in one way or the other. The recent past has seen mobs ransack and burn the electrical department’s office at Midland, Dimapur and the breaking in into the Central Jail, also at Dimapur, to lynch a rape accused. Both instances of mob fury were localised and did not touch everyday issues...

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Vigilantism is when ordinary citizens start taking the law into their own hands. It arises when people are oppressed by criminals; and the law is weak, ineffective or indifferent to the sufferings of the people. The danger with vigilantism is that vigilantes can be directed but never controlled and they become judge, jury and executioner, all rolled into one. Once triggered, vigilantes, with rare exceptions, can only be stopped with deadly force.

Every society frowns upon vigilantism because it grants the right to every individual to define the crime and award whatever penalty, which is usually lynching or arson. he sees fit. Vigilantism starts with legitimate grievances but ends up as instruments for “leaders” to settle private scores.

Nagaland is fertile ground for vigilantism to flourish, for, apart from the minuscule few, who enjoy the benefits of wholesale corruption; every ordinary citizen feels the exploitation and oppression of corruption in one way or the other. The recent past has seen mobs ransack and burn the electrical department’s office at Midland, Dimapur and the breaking in into the Central Jail, also at Dimapur, to lynch a rape accused.

Both instances of mob fury were localised and did not touch everyday issues of people in the rest of Nagaland, so, died down (in the first instance) and was soon controlled, not without the loss of life (in the second instance). The real danger will arise with issues which concern people all over Nagaland.

The recent ultimatum issued by the N.T.U.C.T. (Naga Tribal Union Chumukedima Town) not to allow some 1,200 odd Police recruits to undergo training, is one such issue which concerns people across Nagaland. It is a case of vigilantism, but a thoroughly justified one.

What are ordinary people to do when the very people who owe their positions to the law, break every law in the books, day in and day out? Our ministers and bureaucrats are nobodies without the positions they occupy due to the law. Which law in the world says that once you have achieved a statutory position, you have the right to break any law you want. Everything you are is because of the law, it is your duty to defend the laws which give you your position and status, not break it.

The due process of employment to any governmental agency is to advertise the positions available and the qualifications necessary to fill it. That is the law. The Government of Nagaland had only advertised some 200 odd positions vacant, so, where have these extra 1000 recruits appeared from?

And it is now alleged that 35 Sub-Inspectors and Assistant Sub-Inspectors have already been appointed, without due process, and are currently undergoing training at the North East Police Academy, Shillong. I intend to file a case with the Lok Ayukta to look into this particular matter.

The fact that I intend to approach the Lok Ayukta in the case of the 35 S.I.s and A.S.I.s does not mean that I disapprove of the intention of the N.T.U.C.T. in the case of the 1000 police recruits. Legislation in our courts are very expensive and often too slow. Vigilantism is the way to go in Nagaland, for the lawmakers have become the lawbreakers and it is the duty of every right thinking citizen to control crime in any manner possible, before the Nagaland Police Force itself, is flooded with criminals.

Kahuto Chishi Sumi
Convenor
Kahuto107@gmail.com

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The Objectivity of Lokayukta https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/the-objectivity-of-lokayukta/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/the-objectivity-of-lokayukta/#respond Wed, 12 Feb 2020 17:40:59 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=292859 On the 25.1.2020, the local papers carried the story of a retired local officer of the Govt. of Nagaland being served the prosecution sanction under Section 26 of the Nagaland Lokayukta Act, 2017 by Nagaland Lokayukta. The retired Commissioner and Secretary, an IAS retired officer, of the Govt. of Nagaland was alleged to have manipulated the recruitment of the staff of a Department the officer manned. Had there not been prima facie, the Lokayukta, I do believe, would not have accorded the prosecution sanction against the officer. Consequently, the NPF hailed the decision of the Nagaland Lokayukta for taking the right initiative as counter corruption measure. Whereas, the rest remained silent as though the governance of Nagaland has been transparent and such anti-corruption action is uncalled for or it hardly matters. I reiterate that for decades the Govt. of Nagaland has been keeping the disciplinary rules under lock and key as though the governance has been perfect and the application of the law is never warranted by any situation. Whereas, Nagaland has become the most misgoverned State in the country. The system of governance was dismantled. The system of governance has been riddled with nepotism, tribalism, favouritism, hoard-ism and cronyism...

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On the 25.1.2020, the local papers carried the story of a retired local officer of the Govt. of Nagaland being served the prosecution sanction under Section 26 of the Nagaland Lokayukta Act, 2017 by Nagaland Lokayukta. The retired Commissioner and Secretary, an IAS retired officer, of the Govt. of Nagaland was alleged to have manipulated the recruitment of the staff of a Department the officer manned. Had there not been prima facie, the Lokayukta, I do believe, would not have accorded the prosecution sanction against the officer.

Consequently, the NPF hailed the decision of the Nagaland Lokayukta for taking the right initiative as counter corruption measure. Whereas, the rest remained silent as though the governance of Nagaland has been transparent and such anti-corruption action is uncalled for or it hardly matters. I reiterate that for decades the Govt. of Nagaland has been keeping the disciplinary rules under lock and key as though the governance has been perfect and the application of the law is never warranted by any situation.

Whereas, Nagaland has become the most misgoverned State in the country. The system of governance was dismantled. The system of governance has been riddled with nepotism, tribalism, favouritism, hoard-ism and cronyism as each is usually fuelled by the urge of hedonism. Most of the Departments are virtually privatised to be the domain of a clan, of a village, of a constituency or of a tribe. The system of governance has therefore been in shambles and yet it remains to be acceptable to the people of Nagaland. We cannot govern without the corrupt tenets as those are inculcated into our habits like eating food or drinking water. And the habitual corrupt activities being carried out before our very eyes which strangely fail to irritate anybody as we have developed hypesthesia to heinous crimes though committed endlessly in governance.

Under the existing system, anyone who becomes expert in destroying the developmental projects ruins the Department and becomes the novel coronavirus of the State is fondly tipped to be the hero and is the most wanted icon in most of the public functions. An authority who is more brazen and daring in corruption becomes indispensable and is considered to be the asset of the governance. The reasons are obvious. Whereas, the silence of the general public over the miss governance used to encourage and endorse corruption transforming Nagaland to be the safest haven for people of corrupt. That is the way of life of the people in Nagaland by which the disciplinary laws are rendered redundant.  

Kudos to the PAC of Naga Council Dimapur at whose behest the Govt. of Nagaland had revoked the ‘Lease System’ under the Dimapur Municipal Council(DMC). Had the Lease System of DMC been beneficial to the common consumers, the people would not have complained. Whereas, the Lease System gave benefit only to syndicates of the traders at the expense of the common man.  The Lease System was detrimental to the interest of the people particularly the poorer section of the people as it was exploitive of the gullible public.  Those who are selfish will only have ill motive and are capable of introducing such apparatus by which the economy of the innocent public could be squeezed.

The question is who was responsible for introducing the Lease System under DMC? How the Home Department of Nagaland allowed the illegal system to be introduced under DMC? Knowing that the Lease System was indirect extortion of the general public, how the DMC allowed to retain it till PAC served an ultimatum to Govt.? Does any responsible authority have botheration to assess the quantum of damage caused to the economy of the public under Lease System? 

The Lokayukta is serious about the abuse of authority of a retired IAS officer in matters of recruitment of the staff. Any right-thinking citizen appreciates such initiative against the corrupt conduct of a public servant. The Lokayukta has to do justice to the State of Nagaland by booking all those public servants who had misused the delegated power violating the set parameters. The Lokayukta has to detect and appropriately penalise all those other officers should anyone else had committed a similar crime against the public while in service. The Lokayukta is expected not to target just the retired servants but including the serving employees whoever is found guilty of misusing power. Also, the Lokayukta is not established to be the watchdog over the appointed alone but also for the elected too. Neither the appointed nor the elected is infallible nor immune from the purview of Lokayukta as I understand the objective of setting up the Lokayukta in Nagaland. I, therefore, expect Nagaland Lokayukta to be proactive, daring and free from encumbrances for the reason that reformation of Nagaland largely relies on this body. The actions of Lokayukta are supposed to be objective and holistic and not otherwise. The decisions of Lokayukta are expected to worth its name.

Z Lohe

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The Citizenship Amendment Act and Secularism : A Naga Perspective https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/the-citizenship-amendment-act-and-secularism-a-naga-perspective/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/the-citizenship-amendment-act-and-secularism-a-naga-perspective/#respond Wed, 12 Feb 2020 17:40:54 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=292857 The preamble of the Constitution of India provides that we the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens: justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. Secularism is the principle of separation of the state from religious institutions. Secularism also means no discrimination against anybody in the name of religion. The Hon’ble Supreme Court in the landmark judgment in KesavanandaBharatiSripadagalvaru and others Vs State of Kerala and another, 1973(4) SCC 225, had evolved the basic structure doctrine to protect core constitutional values like fundamental rights, secularism etc. Article 25 of the Constitution of India guarantees freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.  The controversial Citizenship (Amendment) Act, contains amendments to five major grounds mentioned in the Citizenship Act, 1955 (CAA). The CAA aims to provide Indian Citizenship to six minority communities- Hindus, Parsis, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Christians who arrived in India on or before December 31, 2014 from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan where they faced religious prosecution. It is important to know that various studies had shown that minority Muslim sects had faced prosecutions in the aforesaid countries but the Muslims are...

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The preamble of the Constitution of India provides that we the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens: justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. Secularism is the principle of separation of the state from religious institutions. Secularism also means no discrimination against anybody in the name of religion. The Hon’ble Supreme Court in the landmark judgment in KesavanandaBharatiSripadagalvaru and others Vs State of Kerala and another, 1973(4) SCC 225, had evolved the basic structure doctrine to protect core constitutional values like fundamental rights, secularism etc. Article 25 of the Constitution of India guarantees freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion. 

The controversial Citizenship (Amendment) Act, contains amendments to five major grounds mentioned in the Citizenship Act, 1955 (CAA). The CAA aims to provide Indian Citizenship to six minority communities- Hindus, Parsis, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Christians who arrived in India on or before December 31, 2014 from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan where they faced religious prosecution. It is important to know that various studies had shown that minority Muslim sects had faced prosecutions in the aforesaid countries but the Muslims are excluded from CAA.

There is an insertion of a new Section 6B in the CAA which mentions four specifics. The final specification describes that “nothing” in this section “shall apply to tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram or Tripura as included in the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution and the areas covered under “The Inner Line” notified under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873.” The inner line has been recently extended to Dimapur district in Nagaland. The central government, as well as the state government, had been strongly contending that Nagaland is protected from CAA in view of Article 371 (A) and the Regulation of 1873.

The Naga people since time immemorial has been most secular. The respect for all peoples and religions without any discrimination is the core value of the Naga way of life. The people of Nagaland are predominantly Christians. As true believers of Lord Jesus Christ, we love and uphold all communities irrespective of caste, creed and religions etc. This basic value is protected under Article 371 (A) (1) (a) (i): Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, no Act of Parliament in respect of religious and social practices of the Nagas, shall apply to the state of Nagaland unless the Legislative Assembly of Nagaland by a resolution so decides. It shall be most unreasonable and illogical to take shelter under Article 371 (A) to justify the enactment of CAA, when it is discriminatory against a particular religion. The Constitutional protection guaranteed under Article 371 (A) should not be misused as a license to disturb the basic structure of the Constitution as guaranteed under the preamble and especially when Article 371 (A) has no relation to Indian citizenship. The Holy Bible commands all the believers in Mark Chapter 12 Verse 31 “Love your neighbour as yourself.”

Taka Masa Ao
Senior Advocate & EX-MLA

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Peaceful Solution or Profit Solution? https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/peaceful-solution-or-profit-solution/ https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/peaceful-solution-or-profit-solution/#respond Wed, 12 Feb 2020 17:38:57 +0000 https://www.easternmirrornagaland.com/?p=292855 To be a nation is not an overnight story of struggles. There are stories of joys and pains, laughter and cries. The emergence of most nation resulted from selfless sacrifices of brave men and women. In the midst of struggles, no one search for profit. What matters most is freedom from external forces. In spite of oppositions from all corners (within and outside), the strife for nationhood never get crushed under the heavy wheel of exploitation, slavery or colonisation. What is it that carried people forward? I am sure it was ‘common brotherhood’ without any profit motives. The ability to see each other as brothers and sisters of the same land writing the same history with personal and community life is an important feature in the search for nationhood. ‘What was’ is also equally important as ‘what is’ and ‘what will be’. A segmented story confuses readers, so also a segmented search for a peaceful solution can create another gap of confusion between the Government of India and the Nagas as a whole. Silence may continue till the next episode. A new idea of ‘profit solution’ is replacing ‘peaceful solution.’ Most Nagas are aiming the later solution. Are we coming...

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To be a nation is not an overnight story of struggles. There are stories of joys and pains, laughter and cries. The emergence of most nation resulted from selfless sacrifices of brave men and women. In the midst of struggles, no one search for profit. What matters most is freedom from external forces. In spite of oppositions from all corners (within and outside), the strife for nationhood never get crushed under the heavy wheel of exploitation, slavery or colonisation. What is it that carried people forward? I am sure it was ‘common brotherhood’ without any profit motives. The ability to see each other as brothers and sisters of the same land writing the same history with personal and community life is an important feature in the search for nationhood. ‘What was’ is also equally important as ‘what is’ and ‘what will be’. A segmented story confuses readers, so also a segmented search for a peaceful solution can create another gap of confusion between the Government of India and the Nagas as a whole. Silence may continue till the next episode. A new idea of ‘profit solution’ is replacing ‘peaceful solution.’ Most Nagas are aiming the later solution. Are we coming to a stage where we say, ‘unless solution brings profit, it cannot be called peaceful solution.’? It should not be. Let us differentiate peaceful solution from profit solution. We should not divert from what is true and due to us.

The Government of India is trying to please Nagas by bringing forth numerous profit type glisters. This pleases the Nagas. All factions want maximum profit from the outcome. All wanted to gain something from peaceful solution. Thus, it is turning out to be profit solution rather than peaceful solution. There should not be deviation in the search for peaceful solution.

In the search for profit solution, there is much ‘blame game’ between different parties (Government of India vs. Naga political groups and between various political groups themselves). Every party wanted to show itself as the best of all. This is a good story, but it leads to unhealthy harvest. Every party must accept their success and limitation. To view the limitations and failures of others with a big eye will only bring injury to one’s eye. Nagas should stop blaming the Government of India for any delay of the process towards peaceful solution. On the other hand, they should not blame each other for all are equally good and bad. No party is more committed than the other. All are running marathon race with guns and money be it the Government of India or Naga political groups. Thank God, the situation of Nagaland is much better. There is more sunshine in Nagaland now. There is much realisation of who we are as Nagas. Differences are giving way to common good. We must still go forward without selfish motives.

In the early days, when the Indian armies were a threat to Nagas, there were numerous incidents of murder, rape and killing. Nagas have not forgotten the sad side of its life. The random killing of men and women were nothing but a rare display of power and atrocities against the less fortunate ones. This led the Nagas to blame the Indian armies till date. All the same, let us not only blame the Indian armies for all our tears and cries. The Naga political groups were also equally cruel. Tortures and killings among different Naga political groups were also part of Naga history. External forces and internal conflicts were running the same track in Nagaland. Tragically, we have failed to mend this road in the truest term in the search for peaceful solution for we have replaced it with profit solution. Today, mere forgiveness does not work in Nagaland. It does not last long. We carry heavy loads of grudges against each other. A mere handshake will end with another trigger. God forbid that such incident never takes place again! We all want a peaceful solution which will be acceptable by all.

If any party gets more profit than others, there will be more turmoil in Nagaland. Even equal treatment may be a thorn to many flesh and hearts. The search for profit must be outdone so that there can come about peaceful solution. Are we ready for it? We must be. There is nothing greater than living together in peace and harmony. Nagaland must continue to stand for Christ and not for profit.

If profit solution fails, there can be use of physical forces or re-enforcement of Indian armies in Nagaland. But these are not solutions to what we hope for. We hope for a better Nagaland, a land where Nagas can live like Nagas. Oppressive method of subjugation must not find its way in Nagaland. The Government of India must be open to peaceful solution and not only to profit solution. Profit solution will divide the Nagas into fragments in the long run.

The contributions of different NGOs, Civil bodies and Churches are highly acknowledged and appreciated. All are contributing positively for the good of Nagas. But no one should lend a helping hand with selfish motives. No one should back bite others to prove one’s worth or power. Peaceful solution will turn sour if we live like worms inside a beautiful tree. We must continue to support peaceful solution and not profit solution.

We are all contributing towards the good of the Nagas, and not for oneself. Selfish interest must not eat away our peaceful solution. ‘Peaceful solution’ must not be seen as ‘Profit Solution.’

Rev. Fr. GL Khing
tisislawkhing@gmail.com

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